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A Campaign for Freedom

Cultivating Democracy in the 21st Century

Report of the Westminster 2.0 Working Group

Press Release   Working Group Report   Publication Event

As freedom and democracy face challenges around the world, the cause of renewing our commitment to President Reagan’s ideals has never been more urgent. The Westminster 2.0 Working Group examined how to modernize efforts to promote freedom in the context of 21st-century challenges and opportunities, from rising authoritarianism to emerging technologies.

Comprised of current and former public officials, technology experts, freedom and democracy advocates, and business leaders, the Working Group produced a report featuring policy recommendations for the strategy, tools, and resources necessary to advance freedom in today’s world.

The report focuses on the following key themes:

  • Leveraging New Technologies to Advance Freedom
  • Delivering Resources to Independent Voices and Civil Society Activists
  • Strengthening Synergies between Combating Corruption and Democratization Efforts
  • Invigorating Independent Media and Journalism
  • Empowering International Cooperation
  • Recommitting to Core Principles

The Working Group is named in honor of President Reagan’s 1982 speech before the British Parliament at Westminster, which created the democracy promotion architecture that America has relied on for nearly four decades. As President Reagan proclaimed in that address, “We must be staunch in our conviction that freedom is not the sole prerogative of a lucky few, but the inalienable and universal right of all human beings.”

Recommendations

Recommendation 1: Develop targeted technology tools


The United States should devote dedicated resources to identify critical needs and develop corresponding technology to equip citizens in closed countries with the digital tools needed to organize and overcome surveillance. The U.S. Congress can appropriate funds dedicated to developing the kind of technological tools that democracy activists around the world need, and the private sector can help bring together technological specialists and democracy activists. This effort would focus on the potential for digital technology to disrupt authoritarianism’s hold.

Recommendation 2: Launch an International Platform for Freedom


The U.S. and its democratic partners should work together to develop a disruptive web-based platform to match those seeking democracy assistance (including funding, equipment, infrastructure, and legal assistance), with those seeking to provide support, including concerned individuals and institutional donors. This effort could leverage U.S. government, civil society, and private sector resources and bring these sectors together to create a digital platform that could empower groups, activists, and journalists in need of support.

Recommendation 3: Underscore connection between anti-corruption and democratization efforts


Organizations implementing democracy projects and the donors supporting these initiatives should incorporate combatting corruption as part of their programs. They should focus on means to hold corrupt leaders accountable, including through advancing government transparency, training journalists in investigative tactics, and calling for monitoring mechanisms, such as disclosure requirements and civil society watchdog efforts. Establishing this connection is a powerful way to enhance the appeal of democracy to people around the world.

Recommendation 4: Inject additional resources and create a new grant-making entity to support independent media and journalism


Congress should devote greater resources to the U.S.-funded international broadcast networks, modernize the International Broadcasting Act, and authorize and fund a grant-making entity that would receive a congressional appropriation while remaining separate and independent from the U.S. government. This effort would bolster the mission of the networks funded by the U.S. Agency for Global Media and the International Fund for Public Interest Media as well as support independent media that are being shut down or bankrupted due to spurious lawsuits or government pressure on advertisers.

Recommendation 5: Build flexible coalitions around specific pillars of free societies


To broaden the range of partners, the United States should encourage states that are not often involved in these efforts to take a leading role by bring them together in groups focused on specific issue areas. These “microlateral” groupings committed to particular ideals would be more nimble, easier to organize, and flexible enough to allow countries to participate in the issues that speak to their expertise and commitment.

Working Group Members

Ambassador Mark Green
Co-Chair

President, Director, and CEO, The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and Former Administrator, U.S. Agency for International Development

Mr. Kenneth Wollack
Co-Chair

Chairman, National Endowment for Democracy and Former President, National Democratic Institute

The Honorable Howard Berman 

Board Member, National Democratic Institute and Former Chairman, House Foreign Affairs Committee (D-CA)

Ms. Nicole Bibbins Sedaca

Executive Vice President, Freedom House and Former Senior Director, Bureau of Democracy and Human Rights and Labor, U.S. State Department

Mr. Jonathan Burks

Vice President of Global Public Policy, Walmart and Former Chief of Staff, Speaker of the House Paul D. Ryan

Mr. Scott Carpenter 

Managing Director, Jigsaw at Google and Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of Near East Affairs

Congresswoman Liz Cheney (R-WY) 

U.S. Representative, Wyoming At-Large and Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Middle East

Ambassador Eric Edelman 

Counselor, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments and Former U.S. Ambassador to Turkey and Finland

Dr. Evelyn Farkas 

Executive Director, McCain Institute for International Leadership, and Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia

Mr. Jamie Fly

President and CEO, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and Former Senior Fellow and Senior Advisor to the President, German Marshall Fund

Mr. Richard Fontaine

CEO, Center for a New American Security and Former Foreign Policy Advisor, Senator John McCain

Mr. Jeff Gedmin 

CEO and Editor-in-Chief, American Purpose and Former President, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty

Mr. Kent Lucken 

Managing Director, Citigroup and International Council Member, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Congresswoman Elaine Luria (D-VA)

U.S. Representative, Virginia's 2nd Congressional District and Commander (Ret.), U.S. Navy

Ambassador Michael McFaul

Director and Senior Fellow, the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University and Former U.S. Ambassador to Russia

Ambassador Derek Mitchell 

President, National Democratic Institute and Former U.S. Ambassador to Myanmar (Burma)

The Honorable Jim Talent

Commissioner, U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission and Former U.S. Senator (R-MO)

Ambassador Robert Tuttle 

Trustee, Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation and Institute and Former U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James's

Dr. Daniel Twining

President, International Republican Institute and Former Member, State Department Policy Planning Staff

Working Group Staff

MS. RACHEL HOFF

Policy Director, Ronald Reagan Institute

DR. RANA SIU INBODEN

Senior Advisor, Ronald Reagan Institute Westminster 2.0 Working Group, Senior Fellow, Strauss Center for International Security and Law, University of Texas, and Former China Program Manager, U.S. State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Mr. Thomas Kenna

Policy Assistant, Ronald Reagan Institute

MS. NETTA HOROWITZ

Research Assistant, Ronald Reagan Institute Westminster 2.0 Working Group